A Minor Scale

The A Minor scale is the relative minor of the C major scale, and has no sharps or flats in the key signature.
A Minor Scale Overview
Keyboard Layout a minor piano scales
Staff Layout a minor piano scale
Key Signature No sharps (#), No flats (♭)
Notes of Scale A B C D E F G# A
RH Fingering 1 2 3 - 1 2 3 4 - 5
LH Fingering 5 - 4 3 2 1 - 3 2 1
Relative Scale C Major Scale
Parallel Scale A Major Scale

How to play A Minor scales on the piano

The A minor scale, along with every other scale on the piano, can be broken down into one group of 3 notes (shown in red) and one group of 4 notes (shown in blue), along with a single note added either to start or finish the scale (shown in green). The alternating groups of 3 and 4 notes can be played all the way up and down the keyboard in succession.

  • The group of 3 notes (red) will always be played with fingers 1,2,3.
  • The group of 4 notes (blue) will always be played with fingers 1,2,3,4.

If you look at the layout of the right and left hand, you will notice that the positions are a mirror image of one another.

NOTE: In this lesson, we are using the Harmonic Minor version of the scale as the default, and covering the natural and melodic minor versions at the end. Keep in mind that the fingerings do not change with the other versions of the scales, only the notes.

A Minor piano scale charts

The following charts will help you visualize the patterns of the A minor scale.

A Minor scale chart for the Right Hand:

A Minor scale chart for the Left Hand:

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Loren Fishman

Loren Fishman

Loren Fishman (D.M.A) is an award-winning concert pianist who has been teaching in both private University settings for over 20 years. Ninja Piano is an effort to make professional piano instruction and resources accessible to everyone.

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